‘Magic through Sound: Illusion, Deception and Agreed Pretence’
METh 21 (1999) 52–65.
This paper examines explicit fifteenth- and sixteenth-century stage
directions that require vocal and other kinds of sound to produce
illusion. Ventriloquy, speaking through tubes, vocal aids and mimicry
are examined in relation to the requirements of The Cornish Ordinalia,
Peele's The Old Wives Tale, Greene and Middleton's Friar Bacon and
Friar Bungay, and Greene's Alphonsus King of Aragon.